This time around, I’ll be focusing on a soundtrack by Kousaki Satoru, a member of MONACA – a specialised music outsourcing studio notable for working on things such as the recently concluded Haiyore! Nyaruko-san and the brilliant soundtrack to Nier. As for Kousaki himself, his notable works include Haruhi (all three series), Kannagi and of course, the entire Monogatari series to date.

Due to its length (70 tracks spanning almost 3.5 hours of music) I’m actually going to break this soundtrack into two posts – one for each disc. That way I can talk about more of the music without pulling a Stilts and mutilating my carpal tunnel. I also won’t be focusing much on the vocal themes, despite many of them being awesome (Ren’ai Circulation and Kimi no Shiranai Monogatari come to mind, though I may glance over the latter in some capacity towards the end of this writeup).

The Bakemonogatari OST is one of those rare soundtracks that is both varied and not. I’ve spoken a bit about minimalism in previous posts, but none of the soundtracks I’ve covered so far have gone to quite the lengths this one does. In a sense, minimal music is both the easiest and hardest type of music to compose. Easy because only a small number of ideas are required to create a track; hard because those ideas need to be clever enough to keep people interested. This is background music in the truest sense – it exists, but it’s not intrusive. It creates an atmosphere. For that reason, it works wonders in the context of Bakemonogatari, where there’s almost always someone talking about something. It would definitely be detrimental if the music were to draw your attention away from core of the series – its dialogue. Unfortunately, this does result in quite a bit of music that doesn’t make for interesting standalone listening material, and while there are many tracks in different styles, a lot of the music sounds very similar due to the choice of instrumentation. Let’s look for a moment at some of the more minimal tracks:

[flv:Bakemonogatari_Shugendou.mp3 350 0]

As one might expect from a track with a name like Shugendou, it evokes that calming, yet thought-provoking, meditative feel often associated with Buddhist music. Like the majority of the soundtrack, the lack of a strong melody ensures that the music doesn’t gain prevalence over the dialogue, leaving the xylophone ostinato to create atmosphere in combination with the synth pads. Unlike some of the more complex (and arguably more interesting) tracks on the OST, the only variation introduced comes from the percussion and the modulation of the focal ostinato. You could undoubtedly meditate to the track, but otherwise it doesn’t make the best listening experience. It does serve as a perfect example of simplistic minimal music for the sake of this review though!

[flv:Bakemonogatari_Hyouri.mp3 350 0]

Our second track is immediately far more interesting to listen to, despite continuing in the minimal trend. With a slightly Celtic flair and a mysterious aura lent to it by the use of glockenspiels and some darker evolving textures, Hyouri caters more to the supernatural side of the Bakemonogatari soundtrack. The added heavy reverb, particularly on the later percussion, also helps contribute to this mysterious air, while the constant repetitions introduce an almost hypnotic quality to the track. Whereas Shugendou was particularly unchanging throughout its course, Hyouri introduces various elements which almost entirely change the nature of the track at different points – most notably the guitars which, in combination with the percussion, add a strong sense of motion. Oddly enough, most of the tracks on this OST have underwhelming endings – this track is no exception.

There are many ways to make minimal music more interesting to listen to. The variation used in Hyouri is but one of these – bringing in new elements which cause drastic changes in the overall feeling generated by the track. Obviously, this wouldn’t work too well in most situations when we’re talking about background music to scenes which are fairly static in nature – turning a relaxed track into something approaching an action theme would definitely not work if the scene does not also change to reflect that.

[flv:Bakemonogatari_Classmate.mp3 350 0]

Classmate is one such track – it holds interest not through drastic changes in atmosphere, but through the use of unusual metres and complex rhythmic patterns. While in most cases jarring metres are used to unsettle, in this instance, the mellow tones of a Rhodes Electric Piano synth combines with the soft strings, guitar and major key to create a far more serene atmosphere. As the track moves on, we have the introduction of glockenspiel and piano lines, each playing a contrasting rhythmic pattern with different emphasises – in a sense, the complex layers of rhythm could be compared to the multiple layers of meaning in Nisio Isin’s dialogue. Complex musicality in an anime based heavily on clever wordplay and unusual lines of thought. Makes sense!

Suteki Meppou
[flv:Bakemonogatari_Suteki_Meppou.mp3 350 0]

Suteki Meppou continues the trend of using unusual metres. In this case however, the piano riff is a very obvious reference to Take Five by The Dave Brubeck Quartet which shares the use of quintuple time. The staccato playing style gives it a slightly playful feel – Take Five is often referenced in music for similar reasons and particularly for comic effect. A pretty good example of this would be episode three of Nichijou.

Ika, Kaisou
[flv:Bakemonogatari_Ika_Kaisou.mp3 350 0]

Ika, Kaisou also feels like a reference to another famous piece of music, namely Tubular Bells by Mike Oldfield (renowned for its use in The Exorcist). Whether or not this reference is intentional is debatable – it could just be a by-product of writing something minimal for piano. Other than that superficial piano ostinato, it couldn’t be more different. The soft string harmonies that come in shortly after the start add an air of melancholy while the introduction of the distorted guitar gives a more hostile edge. It’s distinctly a track designed to unsettle, not just in a hostile manner but also with a hint of sadness. The glitch percussion (a characteristic of so-called intelligent dance music) also contributes to the unnatural nature of the track with its unpredictable patterns.

[flv:Bakemonogatari_Haikyo.mp3 350 0]

Strangely enough, in complete contrast to a fair bit of the minimalist music featured throughout the soundtrack, there are also a few western style tracks. Haikyo is one such bluesy western theme. Using a variation of the twelve-bar blues, we have a fairly laid back and wanderlust-inspiring guitar and harmonica track. While this track may not be the perfect example, western style music is actually relatively fitting for Bakemonogatari – the verbal duels could potentially be likened to the traditional Spaghetti Western standoffs.

Kimi no Shiranai Monogatari
[flv:Bakemonogatari_Kimi_no.mp3 350 0]

The last track I’m going to talk about is actually the ED, Kimi no Shiranai Monogatari (performed by nagi). I’m not going to talk about it musically though, not exactly. Music is an art form that’s very closely tied with emotion, not just through lyrics but also memory association. A strong scene with weak music or an uninteresting scene with amazing music would have little to no lasting impact – it’s when a combination of the two come together that a brilliant meld is established. By itself, Kimi no Shiranai Monogatari is a great song, but its inclusion as an insert adds to its power. The relationship dynamic between Araragi and Senjougahara is arguably one of the best parts of Bakemonogatari, so it’s no surprise that the climax of that thread would involve a fitting insert song to emphasise it. I can’t exactly speak for anyone else, but this resulted in it being one of the few scenes permanently burned into my memory.

And so we come to the important question – does the soundtrack fit the anime? I think the answer is a resounding yes. To be entirely honest, I’m not sure this particular soundtrack would work for any other anime that comes to mind. In that sense, it’s uniquely suited to Bakemonogatari – it never takes centre stage, merely acting as a support to the anime’s content. Other than a very small number of exceptions, the tracks aren’t exactly the type that will blow you away when standing on their own, but that doesn’t make them any less worth listening to. It may well be that they’re more interesting musically than aesthetically though.

Artist: Kousaki Satoru
Release Date: December 21, 2011
Catalogue No.: SVWC-7814~5
Label: Aniplex
Discs: 2

Disc 1
01. Yokoku
02. staple stable
03. Kaerimichi
04. ambivalent world
05. Ren’ai Circulation
06. sugar sweet nightmare
07. Joshou
08. Shinsou no Reijou
09. Douchou Tosetsu
10. Hanekawa Tsubasa no Baai
11. Kannen
12. Sensou
13. Classmate
14. Gaidan Kousetsu
15. Haikyo
16. Shugendou
17. Shin’iki
18. Suteki Meppou
19. Dokuzetsu
20. Kekkai
21. Gehou
22. Jouka
23. Omoshi Kani
24. Hyouri
25. Ika, Kaisou
26. “Senjougahara, Tore”
27. Kimi no Shiranai Monogatari
28. Jikai, Hitagi Crab
29. Kotoba no Bouryoku
30. Fukidamari
31. Kedamono

Disc Length:

Disc 2
01. Zatta Rutsubo
02. Sanpo
03. Nichiyoubi
04. Jinchiku
05. Zaregoto
06. Iiwake
07. Hachikuji Mayoi no Baai
08. Oumagatoki
09. Sappuukei
10. Uzu
11. First Touch
12. Senjougahara Hitagi no Baai
13. Mayoi Ushi
14. “Tadaima, Kaerimashita”
15. Jikai, Mayoi Maimai
16. Hourousha
17. Bakaloleet
18. Kanbaru Suruga no Baai ~ Zenra
19. Kanbaru Suruga no Baai ~ Chakui
20. Rainy Devil
21. “Senjougahara-senpai”
22. Jikai, Suruga Monkey
23. Sengoku Nadeko no Baai
24. “Koyomi-oniichan”
25. Jagirinawa
26. Jikai, Nadeko Snake
27. Hoyoku
28. Shianchuu
29. Iroboke Neko
30. Chichioya
31. Hoshizora
32. Zutsuu
33. Sawari Neko
34. “Watashi, Uso Nanka Tsuita Koto ga nai Mono”
35. Yokuchou
36. Ohitoyoshi
37. Jikai, Tsubasa Cat
38. Date
39. Futsuu Saikou

Disc Length:

Total Time:


  1. nice review 🙂 never thought I would love monogatari series even more than I already am 🙂
    even after reading all the LN, I still love the anime series, I believe the sound tracks did some awesome work to it 🙂

    now I definitely need to get the OST 🙂

  2. Thx for your take on this OST Moomba! Out of all the tracks, my personal favourite would have to be Kimi no Shiranai Monogatari and “Watashi, Uso Nanka Tsuita Koto ga nai Mono”

    Any idea what “Watashi, Uso Nanka Tsuita Koto ga nai Mono” translates to?

  3. Bakemonogatari indeed has some very unique and unusual soundtracks, i think the soundtracks create a nice atmosphere fitting to the series. Also, Ren’ai circulation is so addictive…never get tired listening to that song ^^

    1. Hello, good people of RC. Today I have a question: does any of you knowledgable people of anime know if Kana Hanazawa actually danced for the song, Ren’ai circulation?

      Seriously for whatever reasons, there are TONS of dance covers of it all over youtube, all of them quite hideous. I salut to their passion, but it really really is terrible… But all these dance cover videos seem to share similar dance moves, which makes me question about the origin. Maybe the original dance by Hanazawa, if it exists, is not as hideous as these youtube covers, but there is none I can find, which makes me doubt that there is one.

      So 1) where is this dance thingy come from 2) did Hanazawa actually did that initially or is it purely a fan creation to begin with?

      1. I am quite sure that you are refering to this dance step

        I dont think that kana hanazawa had personally done to this song (please surprise me if she did), but the dance video above is danced and created by 马琴, a famed nico dancer. It is quite popular in nico that people create dance base on their favourite anime song. Hope my anwer helps

  4. Another great OST post and music 101 by the great Moomba. Words can’t describe how awesome you are Sir 😉
    Ika Kaisou & Classmate are my favorite tracks and Moomba’s insights are greatly appreciated. I can’t say enough about how much I love the vocal themes. Gahara sama’s Staple Stable, Hanekawa’s Sugar Sweet Nightmare and Kanbaru’s Ambivalent World are songs I still listen to up till this day.
    The OST definitely fits the anime very well and after all these years, it’s amazing how I can still pinpoint the anime scenes at once upon hearing the various tracks. A job well done by both Shinbou and Kousaki sensei, indeed

    Seishun Otoko
  5. Well, there’s another Anime OST that I have to pickup. Listening to those tracks evoked some vague of memory of the anime and just made me want to watch it again. It definitely has a special feel. I also love that the Monogatari creators keeping involving Hajime Ueda. I am a big fan of his art style and really enjoy his uniquely animated ED’s.

    Sidenote, thanks for “promoting” the Sakamichi no Apollon soundtrack, I thoroughly enjoy hearing those Jazz pieces. Reminds me of when I was in Paris listening to a session in a small club near the Moulin Rouge. Speaking of Jazz, did you ever listen to the Bleach Jam Set Groove OST? There are some excellent tracks on that.

  6. I think the biggest issue I’ve had with Kousaki since pretty much forever is that his music doesn’t really make for enthralling standalone listens because of the minimalist factor that you mentioned. All too often, I’ve come up against tracks that have a bit of promise only to peter out a bit without being profoundly engaging like the works of other anime composers.

    That said, the parallels and influences that you drew here to other genres and composers was pretty informative. Good things to know!

    1. Glad you found it informative! I definitely agree with you on the standalone listening issues and the lack of progressive development in many of the tracks. Most of my favourite works by Kausaki are actually the few that do show some solid development over their course (Hyouri and also Ika, Kaisou to an extent).

      It can be a pretty hard OST to listen to on its own but I like to leave it playing in the background while I’m writing or working on something else – in the same way as with the anime, it’s not intrusive or overly distracting when compared to some of the more cinematic soundtracks out there so I can focus on the task at hand but still enjoy listening to music.

  7. I still listen to Kimi no Shiranai Monogatari for at least twice a day (and play it on my drums for at least four times per session) and I never get tired of it.

    The Story You Don't Know
  8. I’ve been missing these soundtrack posts! Again, amazing job. I love your insight for each track, I never noticed how awesome the ost was. Especially since it’s not as flashy.

    doooooddd!! you should totally do yoko kanno.

  9. @_@. awesome post is awesome. And I thought I had a clue about music. NOPE!. Hahaha, thanks for breaking it all down for us Moomba >D!.

    For Haikyo, … All I can think of is Meme being his royally trying self towards Araragi.

    For Kimi no Shiranai Monogatari. Mmn, dat supercell, dat Yanagi Nagi.. “It’s like the night is raining stars~.” “Ah, so this is what is means to fall in love.” ^_^;;. heheheheheheheee.

    Looking forward to the disc 2 post :D!

  10. I think it’s amazing how all of these tracks immediately bring back memories of the series. It’s been a long time since I watched it, but I can still visualize specific scenes just from the music, without even having to look at the name of the track.

  11. I really like Sappuukei after watching the beginning part of 2nd episode, the atmosphere and the music match perfectly. Sadly I cant find it in the 1st release of OST, it really took me very long time to wait for the complete release.

  12. I actually liked the music from Nisemonogatari more than from Bake. The scenes from Kaiki intro, Shinobu’s bath scene, and of course, The Legendary Toothbrush™ Scene, is made more memorable because of the background music accompanying them.

  13. He made the soundtrack for Nier? I can’t really vouch for the rest of his resume but i can with confident say that Nier’s soundtrack is an explosion of genius. Thanks for bringing it up.


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